It is likely that businesses will emerge that are more resilient to threats, institutions that can react quickly to anomalies and move to mitigate incidents once their perimeter is breached. These firms will be more competitive more innovative and become confidently embedded at the center of the digital economy.

Immunity is far from guaranteed but by developing an intelligence, assessment, detection and recovery led approach and by continually testing operational resilience capabilities using a combination of financial and non financial scenarios under stress these firms can be confident in their long term prospects for survival.